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Skincare Conditions

Skincare Conditions

Acne & Oily Skin

It is a common misconception that acne and blemish-prone skin only affects us during adolescence and that you “grow out of spots.” Unfortunately, many people continue to suffer from acne well into adulthood and this can have a significant impact on mental health and wellbeing.

Acne occurs due to a combination of factors including genetics, hormones, medications and lifestyle.

Sebaceous glands are glands attached to hair follicles, found near the surface of your skin, that produce an oily substance called sebum.

There are 4 basic steps in the development of spots:

  1. Hair follicles become blocked with skin cells and sebum

  2. Sebaceous glands enlarge and sebum production increases

  3. There is an overgrowth of a bacteria called Cutibacterium acnes due to the increase in sebum

  4. Bacterial overgrowth leads to inflammation, rupture of the follicle and formation of spots

Treatment of acne is targeted at these 4 different stages of acne.

Acne can present in different ways which is why you should you should always consult a skincare expert to guide you in your treatment plan.

  • Chemical Peels

  • Prescription Grade Skincare

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Acne Scarring

Acne scarring affects around 20 per cent of people who suffer from acne. Despite how common scarring is, it can cause a lack of confidence.

Scarring occurs as a result of spots that cause deep inflammation. As inflammation resolves, new collagen is produced, causing uneven surface elevation of the skin and tethering of the skin surface which leads to small depressions. Redness can occur as blood vessels dilate, part of the body’s healing response and damage to skin cells causes the release of melanin resulting in brown discolouration.

Altered skin texture and colour contrasts sharply with surrounding normal skin, attracting the eye’s attention.

  • Chemical Peels

  • Microneedling

  • Morpheus 8

  • Skincare Products

  • Prescription Grade Products

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Fine lines and wrinkles

As we age, we lose collagen and elastin, causing fine lines and wrinkles. This is part of the natural ageing process but can be made worse by UV exposure, lifestyle choices, smoking and air pollution.

Array has a wide range of treatments available designed to reduce signs of ageing.   From skincare products to the latest treatment advances we can soften wrinkles, add facial volume and boost collagen production, creating a rejuvenated appearance for our patients.

Recommended treatments

  • Anti-wrinkle injections

  • Dermal fillers

  • Morpheus 8

  • Skincare products

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Pigmentation and sun damage

Hyperpigmentation is a dark discolouration on the skin due excess melanin (pigment). Factors such as UV exposure trigger melanocytes, the cells which produce pigment, to become overactive in an attempt to protect the skin..

There are two main types of pigmentation problems: melasma and age spots (solar lentigines, freckles, “liver spots”).


Melasma is a chronic acquired skin condition characterised by, usually symmetrical, brown pigmentation usually on the face.  It most commonly affects the forehead, cheeks and upper lip in women in their 20s-40s and is more prevalent in olive and darker skin types.  Recognised triggers include UV exposure, pregnancy, hormonal treatments, medications and under-active thyroid.  Pigmentation deposits can lie in the epidermis(upper layer) or dermis(lower layer) but often both skin layers are affected.  Pigmentation in the upper layers is easier to treat.

Age spots

These are brown spots which often develop in sun exposed sites of fair-skinned people.  They are typically found on the face, chest and forearms.  Age spots become more prominent as you get older as a result of sun exposure over many years and are associated with other signs of sun damage such as fine lines, wrinkles or crepey skin.  They normally respond well to treatment.

Recommended treatments

  • Prescription grade skincare

  • Chemical peels

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Dull and uneven skin tone

Dull and uneven skin tone is a common complaint as we age.  Patients describe skin that has lost its brightness and looks grey in appearance. This is often due to the skin cell cycle slowing down, resulting in excess dead skin cells that sit on the top layer of the skin.  This process can be exacerbated by factors such as UV exposure and lifestyle choices such as smoking.

Skincare containing “active” ingredients that help speed up the skin cell cycle and exfoliate can brighten the complexion.  These include retinoids, glycolic acid and vitamin C.

To find out how we can improve your skin book a consultation here

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Sensitive Skin

Skin sensitivity is common, especially as we age. Symptoms include dry, tight, itchy, stinging, redness and dryness. There are a number of potential causes including genetics, lifestyle, allergies, medical conditions such as rosacea or using the wrong skincare.

In sensitive skin, fragranced products, harsh soaps, toners and astringents should be avoided.  A skincare routine should consist of gentle, unfragranced products.

To find out the correct products for you, book a consultation here

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Dry/dehydrated Skin

The outermost layer of skin, the stratum corneum is the skin’s first line of defence.  It is composed of dead skin cells but is very biologically active.  It helps lock in moisture and keep environmental aggressors out.  The skin barrier can be likened to a brick and mortar structure with the bricks being the skin cells and the mortar the lipids, ceramides, fatty acids and cholesterol that hold the bricks together.  A damaged skin barrier can lead to the increased water loss.

Symptoms of dry skin include redness, scaly patches and tightness.  There can be visible fine lines and the skin can be rough, itchy, flaky and irritated.  It can be aggravated by cold weather and central heating which increases moisture loss from the skin.

Management of dry/dehydrated skin involves using gentle cleansers, rich textured moisturisers and avoiding exfoliating products, scrubs and other cleansing devices.

To find out the correct products for you, book a consultation here.

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Enlarged pores

Pores are circular openings from the hair follicle to the oil gland. They are normal in the skin and vital to our skin’s health.  They produce sebum to lubricate our skin and strengthen the skin barrier.  

There are a few reasons our pores get bigger; these are build up of oil, loss of elasticity and manipulation (i.e squeezing!)

You can not change the size of your pores but you can help them appear smaller with active skincare products such as retinoids, salicyclic acid and niacinamide which reduce oil production and increase collagen production.

To find out the correct products for you, book a consultation here.

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Rosacea and Redness

“Rosacea” comes from the Latin rosaceus meaning ‘rose coloured’ and is so called because one of the most distinctive symptoms is redness of the nose and cheeks.  Rosacea is a common, chronic inflammatory skin condition that causes sensitivity of the skin, flushing, spots that can be mistaken for acne and visible blood vessels.  Most experience flares which reoccur with time

Sufferers are typically female, aged 30-60 with fair skin.  When men are affected the condition tends to be more severe.  The cause is poorly understood but thought to be due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. 

Unfortunately, the condition itself currently has no cure, but innovative treatments and products can help to drastically improve symptoms.  One of the most important management strategies is wearing sunscreen!  Over time, the condition may worsen without treatment.

To find out the correct products for you, book a consultation here.

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